Based on the 3rd IMO GHG study, the maritime transport emits annually around 1,000 million tonnes of CO2 and is responsible for about 2.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Emissions from maritime transport are predicted to increase between 50% and 250% by 2050, depending on future economic and energy developments. This is not in line with the internationally agreed goal of keeping global temperature increase below 2 °C.
In June 2013 the European Union (EU) revised its strategy and included the maritime transport into the EU’s policy for reducing domestic GHG emissions.
The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union have adopted on 1 July 2015 Regulation (EU) 2015/757 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport, and amending Directive 2009/16/EC (known as the EU-MRV Regulation).
It requires per-voyage monitoring of CO2 emissions, as well as other parameters, including quantities of cargo carried and distance traveled. In addition, the EU-MRV Regulation requires the annual disclosure of aggregated data on a ship basis.
ASSESSMENT OF THE MONITORING PLAN
The first step for compliance with the EU-MRV Regulation is the assessment of the monitoring plan. By 31 August 2017, you shall submit to IMC a monitoring plan for each of your ships indicating the method chosen to monitor and report CO2 emissions and other relevant information.
Content of the monitoring plan
The monitoring plan shall consist of a complete and transparent documentation of the monitoring method for the ship concerned and shall contain information on the CO2 emission sources on board, a description of the procedures, systems and responsibilities used to update the list of CO2 emission sources over the reporting period as well as a description of the procedures used to ensure the completeness of the list of voyages, the fuel consumption, emission factors used for each fuel type, activity data per voyage and how surrogate data for closing data gaps is determined.
You shall use standardized monitoring plans based on templates developed by the European Union (EU) set out in Annex I of the Commission’s Delegated Regulation 2016/1927.
You may split the monitoring plan into a company-specific part and a ship-specific part, provided that all elements set out in Annex I of the Delegated Regulation 2016/1927 are covered. The information contained in the company-specific part, which may include tables B.3, B.6, D, E and F.1 of Annex I of the Delegated Regulation 2016/1927, shall be applicable to each of the ships for which you have submitted a monitoring plan.
IMC procedure for the assessment of monitoring plans
We will request a series of supporting documents along with the submitted monitoring plan. Upon reviewing all submitted documentation, a Verification Plan will be submitted to you for review and approval.
⚓ Verification plan
As part of the assessment programme the verification plan includes:
• information on site visit(s) including a description of what activities will be performed onsite and what activities off-site, as well as information on the systems and processes to be checked and interviews to be performed;
• the way we plan to check the completeness of information in the monitoring plan.
⚓ Site visits
⚓ Independent Review
⚓ Review Letter
VERIFICATION OF THE EMISSION REPORT
We can verify the data reported in the emissions report through: detailed testing, including by tracing them back to the primary data source; cross-checking them with external data sources, including ship-tracking data; performing reconciliations; checking thresholds as regards appropriate data; and carrying out recalculations.
Monitoring fuel consumption
You shall define in the monitoring plan which monitoring method is to be used to calculate fuel consumption for each ship and ensure that once the method has been chosen, it is consistently applied.
Monitoring on an annual basis
Based on the assessed monitoring plan, for each ship and for each calendar year, you shall monitor the following parameters:
⚓ amount and emission factor for each type of fuel consumed in total;
⚓ total aggregated CO2 emitted within the scope of EU-MRV Regulation;
⚓ aggregated CO2 emissions from all voyages between ports within the EU, departed from ports within the EU and to ports within the EU;
⚓ CO2 emissions which occurred within ports within the EU at berth;
⚓ total distance travelled;
⚓ total time spent at sea;
⚓ total transport work;
⚓ average energy efficiency.
Verification of CO2 emissions
IMC procedure for the verification of emissions report
⚓ Verification Plan
⚓ Site visits
⚓ Independent Review
ISSUANCE OF DOCUMENT OF COMPLIANCE
Upon satisfactory verification of the emissions report, we will issue a Document of Compliance (DOC) for the ship concerned. The Document of Compliance shall be valid for the period of 18 months after the end of the reporting period.